The Nepalese Calendar

Mis à jour le 05/05/2020 | Publié le 13/04/2020 | Culture, NEPAL

New Year

April 13, 2020

It’s New Year’s Day!

 

Farewell, 2076 BS! Welcome , 2077BS!

 

Yes, you read correctly! In Nepal, the year 2077 begins.

 

There are 4 official calendars:

 

The official calendar (Bikram Sambat), used officially in administration and on official documents.

Our Western calendar, used in trade with the West and especially for passports, visas and airline tickets.

The Newar calendar (Nepa Sambat or Dolchi Sambat), used by the Newar caste. It is a community of traders who represents the historic ethnicity of the Kathmandu Valley.

The Tibetan calendar used by several ethnic groups in the mountains.

There are also other lesser known calendars specific to the various castes that exist. The Nepalese therefore celebrate the New Year several times during the same year!

The Official Nepalese Calendar

The Nepali era is called Bikram Sambat (Sambat = era). It begins in 57 BC, from the reign of Bikram, a mythical Hindu sovereign. It is a lunar calendar, which does not always have 365 days in the year. The Nepalese lunar month begins at the start of the dark fortnight. Thus, the first of the Nepalese New Year falls in mid-April of our calendar year. It is the first day of the month of Baisakh.

 

For example, the first day of this new year 2076 was April 14, but the first day of 2075 was celebrated on April 15, 2018.

 

Between April and December, we have to add 57 years to our calendar year to know which year we are in Nepal. From January to April, only 56 years should be added to our calendar year.

The Nepalese Months
Baisãkh
April – May
Jaith
May – June
Asãr
June – July
Sãun
July – August
Bhadau
August – September
Asoj
September – October
Kãrtik
October – November
Mãnsir
November – Décember
Push
Décember – January
Mãgh
January – February
Phãgun
February – March
Chait
March – April

 

The Nepalese Seasons
Basanta ritu
Spring
Barkha ritu
Sumer
Sharad ritu
Autumn
Hiund ritu
Winter

 

The Other Calendars

The Newar Calendar

The Newar or Newar Sambat era began in 879 AD. It was established on October 20, 879 under the reign of Raghavadeva.

The Newar month, unlike the Nepalese month, begins at the start of the clear fortnight.

The first of Newark falls on the first day of the clear fortnight in the Nepalese month of Kartik (October-November).

Newar will thus celebrate their new year around the end of October at the beginning of November.

It will be the beginning of the year 1141!

The Tibetan Calendar

On February 25, 2020, Tibetans celebrated the start of their 2,147th year.

The Tibetan calendar is a lunar calendar that begins with the accession to the throne of a mythical Tibetan king, in the year 127 BC. AD

It was the Sherpas, of Tibetan origin, who adopted the Tibetan calendar.

The first of the year is called Lhosar and falls on the first day after the new moon in February.

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